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Another founding influence was Sir William Beveridge, whose Social Insurance and Allied Services report of 1942 paved the path for the modern welfare state by identifying the “five giants” that needed to be slain before Britain could enjoy true social prosperity: want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. It was a message which captured the imagination of the country and took Clement Attlee into Number 10 on the back of a landslide, winning 393 seats. Everyone knows that Clement Attlee’s 1945-1951 Labour Governments created the NHS, brought the coal mines and railways in to public ownership and gave India and Pakistan independence. Demonstrators gather on Gover Street in central London ahead of a march towards Downing Street to protest against underfunding and privatisation of the NHS and demand an end to the winter crisis in the health service. Attlee became member of parliament for Stepney in 1922 and served as a junior minister in the 1924 and 1929 - 1931 MacDonald governments. Clement Attlee, in full Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow, Viscount Prestwood, (born January 3, 1883, Putney, London, England—died October 8, 1967, Westminster, London), British Labour Party leader (1935–55) and prime minister (1945–51). His greatest achievement, surpassing many of these, was, perhaps, the establishment of a political and economic consensus about the governance of Britain that all parties, whether Labour, Conservative or Liberal subscribed to for three decades, fixing the arena of political discourse until the later 197… Most politicians agree that health care in the UK is a mess. Aneurin Bevan, Mr Attlee’s youngest Cabinet minister at 48, was appointed to pick up the baton from Mr Willink. Clement Attlee (The National Archives reference INF 14/19) It is difficult to envisage a twenty-first century politician passing up the opportunity to promote their ‘message’. Clement Attlee has been elected Britain's new prime minister after Labour won a sweeping victory in the general election. A placard reading 'Nurses with fight for the NHS'. “Illness is neither an indulgence for which people have to pay, nor an offence for which they … NHS Test and Trace: your questions answered, NHS facing doctor shortage before second wave as thousands to quit, Rankin unveils powerful portraits of frontline NHS workers. {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}, May’s increased NHS funding is a clear sign austerity has failed, More ‘at risk’ groups to receive free flu vaccine on NHS this winter. With the outbreak of the Second World War, the introduction of the state-run Emergency Hospital Service in 1939 gave a foretaste of things to come. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Theresa May announces £20bn funding for NHS, Aneurin Bevan meeting a patient at Papworth Village Hospital (Getty). This was the most significant reforming administration of 20th century Britain. Collective commitment to eradicating the social ailments he had diagnosed would bring rewards for all, he argued. He had a conventional middle-class upbringing, and after going to Oxford University began a career as a barrister. Some of the themes include: 1. the economy 2. rationing 3. housing 4. the welfar… 'Spirit of '45' saw Clement Attlee's Labour government implement radical healthcare reform and mastermind a fairer Britain, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. However, he abandoned this to become a social worker in the East End of London, and later joined the Labour Party. Access to a General Practitioner (GP) also varied. Clement Attlee died of pneumonia at the age of 84 at Westminster Hospital on 8 October 1967. The “Spirit of ‘45”, the national mood of optimism which swept post-war Britain following VE Day, indicated a sincere belief a better, fairer society could be built from the rubble of the Blitz. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? No one would be left behind, priced out of care or left at the mercy of insurance premiums. Demonstrators dressed as an undertaker and carrying a fake coffin. The civil servant's forward-looking Interim Report on the Future Provision of Medical and Allied Services 1920 was published in May 1920. The outgoing prime minister and great wartime leader Winston Churchill tendered his resignation immediately. 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